Authored By: B. V Waghmare

Thursday, October 9, 2008


This is a great moment in the field of HIV AIDS research ,late but is proper .
without which it could have been impossible task to design Chemotherapy and to develop Vaccine as the Nobel winer made it possible to clone HIV 1 virus genome and this is now used to develop DNA vaccine as i described in my earlier post on Development of HIV Vaccine by help of Bacterial vector.
following is the details of Nobel Prize winners.
One German and 2 French researchers are awarded Nobel Prize in Medicine.
STOCKHOLM : Harald zur Hausen of Germany and the French researchers Franoise Barr-Sinoussi and Luc Montagnier were announced Monday as the winners of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Medicine.Barr-Sinoussi, of the Institut Pasteur in Paris, and Montagnier, director of the World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention, were cited for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, which causes AIDS.Zur Hausen was cited for finding human papilloma viruses that cause cervical cancer, the second most common cancer among women.The German scientist received half of the prize, worth 10 million kronor, or $1.4 million, while the two French researchers shared the other half.In its citation, the Nobel Assembly said Barr-Sinoussi' s andMontagnier's discovery was one prerequisite for the current understanding of the biology of AIDS and its antiretroviral treatment. The pair's work in the early 1980s made it possible to clone the HIV-1 genome."This has allowed identification of important details in its replication cycle and how the virus interacts with its host," the citation said. "Furthermore, it led to development of methods to diagnose infected patients and to screen blood."The assembly said zur Hausen "went against current dogma" when he found that oncogenic human papilloma virus, or HPV, caused cervical cancer, the second most common cancer among women."His discovery has led to characterization of the natural history of HPV infection, an understanding of mechanisms of HPV-induced carcinogenesis and the development of prophylactic vaccines against HPV acquisition, " the citation said.Alfred Nobel, the Swede who invented dynamite, established the prizes in his will in the categories of medicine or physiology, physics, chemistry, literature and peace. The economics prize is technically not a Nobel but a 1968 creation of Sweden 's central bank.The awards include the money, a diploma and an invitation to the prize ceremonies in Stockholm and Oslo on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896.Nobel left few instructions on how to select winners, but medicine winners are typically awarded for a specific breakthrough rather than a body of research.The award to Barr-Sinoussi was something of a milestone. Only seven women had won the medicine prize since the first Nobel Prizes were handed out in 1901.The last female winner of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was the American researcher Linda Buck, who shared the prize in 2004 with Richard Axel.They won for their work in studying odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system in human beings.Last year the award went to Mario Capecchi and Oliver Smithies of the United States and Martin Evans of Britain for work that led to a powerful and widely used technique to manipulate genes in mice, which has helped scientists study heart disease, diabetes, cancer, cystic fibrosis and other diseases.Information on HIV Virus and AIDS symptoms
Information about HIV Virus AIDS symptoms



Last updated :09-Oct-2008

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